Conceptually, civil law proceeds from abstractions, formulates general ideas, and distinguishes substantive rules from procedural guidelines. In their technical, narrow sense, the words civil legislation describe the legislation that pertains to individuals, issues, and relationships that develop among them, excluding not solely legal law but also business law, labor regulation, and many others.
Eventually, the works of civilian glossators and commentators led to the development of a common physique of law and writing about regulation, a standard authorized language, and a common technique of instructing and scholarship, all termed the jus commune, or legislation widespread to Europe, which consolidated canon legislation and Roman law, and to some extent, feudal legislation.
Chinese (except Hong Kong and Macau ) is a mix of civil regulation and socialist law These days, Chinese legal guidelines absorb some options of widespread legislation system, particularly these related to business and worldwide transactions.
Roman regulation strongly influenced the law of contracts and torts ; canon law achieved supremacy within the area of marriage; and combinations of Germanic, feudal, and Roman traditions developed in matters of property and succession, or inheritance The conceptual formulations wherein the norms and principles of the law have been expressed, in addition to the procedural forms wherein justice was administered, were additionally strongly Roman.